Agriculture and Technology Components of Drip Irrigation - Agriculture and Technology

Information Related to Soil, Irrigation, Ideal Growing Conditions for different crops, Pest and Disease Management

Components of Drip Irrigation

Water Source / Pump – To provide sufficient amount of water
Water source can be an open well / bore well or water stored in syntax tank.  For home gardens and small plots syntax tank with 10-15 ft height is enough to distribute water (uses gravity to increase water pressure) and for farm field more than 1 acre minimum 3 – 5 hp motor is required.

Filters – To remove particles from water
Filter ensures clean water into the system.  Filter types are Screen Filter, Disk Filter, Hydrocylone Filter and Sand Filter.  Any one of these filter can be used. Different sizes are available according to the flow rate.

Pressure Gauge – To monitor the pressure flow from filter

Ventury – Not mandatory, used for fertigation through Drip Irrigation

Fertilizer injector is a useful addition to drip irrigation system which allows you to deliver nutrients directly to the root zone and injector can help produce maximum plant growth.  Easy to install and require no outside power source.  All injectors should be installed downstream from a back flow preventer.

Control Valves – To open and close the water system in Drip irrigation
This is made either of metal or plastic to control the pressure and flow of water into Drip irrigation system.

Main Line
It can be a PVC / PE / HDPE /LDPE material and size depends on the flow rate.

Sub-Main Pipes  
Made of PVC / PE / HDPE /LDPE and connected to the laterals and size depends on the flow rate.

Laterals – transport water to the root of plants
Made of LDPE / LLDPE stretched along the crops to provide water to the plants directly

Emitters – Control the water flow from lateral into soil
It’s device that is used to emit the water to the root zone of the plant. Different types are available

Fitting and Accessories
Tee connectors are used to connect main line to sub-main and sub-main to laterals. Available sizes are 16 x 16 mm, 12 x12 mm

Straight connectors are used to connect pipes and also called as joiners

Take-off tee is used to connect the lateral pipes to the sub-main pipe with the help of rubber washer called grommets

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