Agriculture and Technology How to prepare Panchagavya an organic fertilizer? - Agriculture and Technology

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How to prepare Panchagavya an organic fertilizer?

Panchagavya or Panchakavya, is made from the blend of five cow-derived products. In Sanskrit Panch mean five and gavya means cow; hence the name Panchagavya.

Products and quantity Required to prepare 20 litres ( appx. )  of panchagavya :
1)    Fresh cow dung – 5 kgs
2)    Cow’s urine – 3 litres
3)    Curd ( from cow milk ) – 2 litres
4)    Cow’s ghee – 500 grams
5)    Cow’s milk – 2 litres
6)    Jaggery – 500 grams
7)    Tender coconut – 3 litres
8)    Banana – 12 numbers
9)    Water – 3 litres

Mix cow dung and ghee and keep it in a mud pot / plastic drum.  Cover the mixture with a wire mesh / plastic mosquito net to prevent houseflies from laying eggs. Keep the drum / pot under a shade during preparation.    Leave the mixture for three days and stir it twice a day (preferably morning and evening once).  Stirring the contents for about twenty minutes facilitates aerobic microbial activity.
After three days add cow’s urine and water and leave it for 15 days.  Don’t forget to stir it twice a day. 
After fifteen days add the following and continue the stirring process.  Panchagavya will be ready after 30 days:
Cow’s milk
Cow’s curd
Ripened Banana’s
Jaggery and
Tender coconut water

See also:
Advantages and Disadvantages of Greenhouse Technology
Organic Farming
Top Organic Fertilizers
Difference bewtween organic and inorganic fertilizers

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